|Allah Blessing Mianwali
since 1901 is a District in the north-west of Punjab, Pakistan. It
borders Lakki Marwat district in the west, Kohat and Kark districts in the
North west and D.I Khan in the southwest. Attok lies in the north, Chakwal
in the north east, Khushab in the east and Bhakkar in the south. In
November 1901, the NWFP was carved out of Punjab and present day towns of
Mianwali, Isa Khel, Kalabagh, and Kundian were separated from Bannu
District (NWFP) and hence a new district was made with the headquarters in
Mianwali city and placed in Punjab.
The majority of the population is of Hindko origin similar to the people of Attock.Niazi Tribe is The Most Famouse Tribe of this District. Niazi Tribe is Mostly Living in The Mianwali City, Shahbaz Khel, Mosa Khel, Mochh,Utra Kalaan, Sawans. The Tribes who known as Jats are living in the Kacha and Thal speak a Hindko Seraiki, lived in all parts of the district but mostly in Waan Bacharaan, Kundian, Ding Khola, Khanqah Sirrajia, Saeed Abad, Bakharra/Kacha Kalo, Kacha paar,khita-e-Atlas, Kacha Gujrat, Kacha Shahnawaz Wala, Phaati, Hurnoli, Alluwali, Duaba, Jaal, Piplan, Wichveen Bala, Moosa Khel, Shadia and many others villages which are parts of the district. There are small minority of Pashtuns and Punajbis. Mostly people speak a unique dialect of Seraiki which borrows many words from Hindko and Pashto. However the Khattak tribes living in the suburbs of Isakhel, Chapri, Bhangi Khel, Sultan Khel, Makarwal and Bani Afghan are bilingual, Pashto being their primary language but can fairly communicate in Seraiki as well. Awans living in the Salt range of Mianwali speak a dialect of Potohari which is called "Uttraadi"(pertaining to the highlanders).
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the district had a population of 1,056,620 of which 20.39%2 of which 85,000 inhabit the district capital.
Mianwali used to be the part of Bannu district but on
November the 9th,1901 a new district was made with headquarters at
Mianwali city.Deputy commissioner used to be the head of the district.The
first deputy commissioner was Captain A.J.OBrainThe first district judge
was Sardar Balwant Singh.It is worth mentioning that Capt.O'Brian served
Mianwali not once but thrice.He was again given the charge of D.C.Mianwali
in 1906 and then in 1914. This time he was promoted to the rank of Major.
The post of D.C. was abolished with the aim to put an end to the bureaucratic rule however the bureaucracy was offered an olive branch by creating a new post of District Co-ordinating Officer.However the Nazim remains the main elected representative and administrator while the D.C.Os serve as representatives of the government And now nazim are make their term complete and Govt of Punjab hold this system and Authorized DCO to get administration control till next new elections.
a The district is administratively divided into three Tehsils and 56 Union Counsels.
Tehsils & Unions in the District of Mianwali
Name of Tehsil
Isa khel tehsil
Isakhel Tehsil is an administrative subdivision Tehsil of Mianwali District in the Punjab province of Pakistan The city of Isakhel is the headquarters of the tehsil which is administratively subdivided into 14 Union Council It is located between 32° 30′ and 33° 14′ N. and 71° 7′ and 71° 44′ E., with an area of 678 square miles (1,760 km2) and contains the towns of Isakhel, Kammar Mushani and Kalabagh
Mianwali Tehsil is an administrative subdivision (tehsill) of Mianwali District in the Punjab province of Pakistan The tehsil is subdivided into 28 Union Councils - four of which form the capital Mianwali.
According to the 1901 census, compiled during British rule the population of the tehsil was 111,883 and contained 69 villages.
Piplan Tehsil is an administrative subdivision Tehsil of Mianwali in the Punjab province of Pakistan The tehsil is subdivided into 14 Union Councils - one of which forms the capital Piplan
Mianwali district covers an area of 5,840 square kilometres. The area in north is a continuation of the Pothar plateou and the Kohistan Namak. The district consists of various towns, including Kalabagh Isa khel,Ding Khola (Khanqah Sirrajia), Kundian Pai Khel Piplan Kamar mushani Mouch Rokhri Harnoli Musa Khel Gul Miri Wan Bhachran Daud Khel and the district capital - Mianwali city.
Kalabagh is famous for the Kalabagh Dam and the Nawab Of Kalabaghand for the red hills of the salt range and scenic view of mighty Indus River Kundian is the second largest town at a distance of 15 km from the city of Mianwali.There is a Chashma Nuclear power plant(Chashnupp)Ding Khola (PAEC),Kundian(Chashma)Barrage,K.J(Kundian Jehlum)Chashma Jehlum)Link Canal
Thal is a large area which is mostly desert and semi-arid. It is located between Jhelum and Indus river (The Sindh-Saagar Doab). The boundaries of the old district established in 1901 included almost 70 % of this great area, but after the separation of Layyah and then Bhakkar Tehsils, only about20% remains in this district. First deputy commissioner Mr. A J O'Brian wrote in his memoirs, In 1901 the District of Mianwali was formed out of the two Punjab halves of two older districts, and I had the good fortune to be put in charge. It was a lonely District with, as my Assistant Mr. Bolster called it, 'three white men in a wilderness of sand.'"
Nammal (Namal) Lake is a place of interest for the hikers and holiday-makers in Chakrala Amongst fine views should be included that of the Indus and the eastern valley from a little conical hill at Mari, where the "Kalabagh diamonds" (quartz crystals) are found and which is crowned by an old Hindu ruin. Amongst picturesque spots may be mentioned Nammal, just beyond the Dhak Pass in Mianwali, also Kalabagh and Mari on the Indus, and Kotki in the throat of Chichali Pass. The average rainfall in the district is about 250 mm Isa Khel is another important town located in the west of Mianwali. It is a historical town named after Isa Khan a famous Niazi chief. Kamar Mushani is famous for its trade and minerals
The city is an economic and commercial hub in the district. There are several educational institutions up to post-graduate level, affiliated with the University of Punjab
Whole of the district has extreme weather, summer last from May to September, June is the hottest month average temperature of month rise up to 42°C and maximum could go to 50°C whereas in winter, December and January temperature is as low as 3 to 4°C average per month
History in Brief <<Back to gulemianwali Home>>
Traditionally all major rulers of South Asia governed this area in their turn. Mughal emperor Babur mentions Essa Khail (Isakhel) whilst he was fighting against the Pakistan as part of his campaign to conquer the Punjab during the 1520s (ref. Baburnama). Then came the Sikhs, that era was famous for lawlessness, and barbarism, they ruled until the annexation of Punjab in 1849 by the British. During British Rule, the Indian empire was subdivided into province, divisions and districts, (after the independence of Pakistan Divisions remained the third tier of government until 2000). The British had made the towns of Mianwali and Isa Khel tehsil headquarters of Bannu District then part of D.I.Khan of Punjab Province
The district of Mianwali was created in November 1901, when the N.W.F.P was carved out of Punjab and the towns of Mianwali, Isa Khel Kalabagh and Kundian were separated from Bannu District which became part of the NWFP. A new district was made with the headquarters in Mianwali city and placed in Punjab, the district became a part ofMultan Division Mianwali originally contained four Tehsils namely Mianwali, Isa Khel,Bhakkar, and Layyah, in 1909 Layyah was transferred to Muzaffargarh District. The district became a part of Sargodha Division in 1961, in 1982 Bhakkar tehsil was removed from Mianwali and became a separate district of Sargodha Division.
ContactArea: 5,840 square km
(1.06 mill)...According to 1998 Population and Housing Census, total
population of Mianwali district is 1057 thousands persons out of which 530
thousands are males and 527 thousands are females. Density of population
in the district is 181 persons per square Kilometre. Percentage break-up
of the Rural and Urban population is 79.2 and 20.8 respectively
district has extreme hot and cold climate. The maximum temperature during
the summer shoots up to 51ýC while the minimum temperature recorded in
winter is as low as 2ýC. The average rainfall in the district is about 250
Chashma Barrage: The Most famous visiting point about 15 km
far from Mianwali